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Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) A new age disease…..

Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) A new age disease…..

In medical practice we routinely come across with patients of severe Pain in their jaw joints, either on 1 side or both sides. Some may experience clicking sound on closing or opening of their jaw or some people might complaint of total jaw dislocation. These kind of patients are rare but required definitive treatment. Actually this area(tmj) is confusing for the patients to consult, whether to opt for a dentist or E.N.T Surgeon. Since it’s a chronic disease it requires a specialised Maxillofacial Surgeon.
Causes:

  • Malocclusion 
  • physical injury
  • arthritis
  • grinding or clenching the teeth during sleep autoimmune diseases
  • dental surgery
  • infections
  • Symptoms 
  • Pain
  • Sounds
  • Restricted movements of Jaw

Treatment:
Conservative Treatment :
Muscle Relaxants
Heat or ice application
Soft Diet for 6 months
Restricted mouth opening
Replacement of missing tooth
Correction of malocclusion
Orthotic Appliance
Tens Therapy
Surgical Treatment :
Tmj Intra Articular Steroid injections
Tmj Arthrocentesis
 Condylectomy
 Open joint Surgery or
Joint Replacement Surgery

Dr Zubair Ahmed
G.R Hospital, Akola
(MDS, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Pune)

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